There are many tribal populations in India, despite being considered the primary occupant of the country, the tribal people often, lack access to basic necessities in their daily lives. They experience widespread segregation in addition to being socially, economically, and educationally disadvantaged. Various forms of exploitation exist, including forced eviction from one's home in the name of development and the alienation of one's land. A state's fundamental responsibility is to provide for the formulation and implementation of equitable policy in general and equity for those members of the population who are more vulnerable in society in particular. The development of the tribal people has consistently involved a huge concern for the public authority of both Union and the states. The public authority claims to have consistently worked to remove obstacles from the way of development and sustainable progress of the tribal community as a whole. In this paper, an effort is made to determine how much of the tribal development has been covered so far and how far it has to go, and what role the public administration played in the tribal development.